The standard of living of any country means the average persons share of the goods and services the country produces. A countrys standard of living, ____1____, depends first and _____2____ on its capacity to produce wealth. Wealth in this sense is not money, for we do not live on money ______3_____ on things that money can buy: goods such as food and clothing, and services such as transport and entertainment1.
A countrys capacity to produce wealth depends upon many factors, most of ____4___ have an effect on one another. Wealth depends _____5_____ a great extent upon a countrys natural resources. Some regions of the world are well supplied with coal and minerals, and have fertile soil and a favorable climate; other regions possess none of them.
Next to natural resources ____6____ the ability to turn them to use. China is perhaps as well-off ____7_____ the USA in natural resources, but suffered for many years from civil and external was, and _____8_____ this and other reasons was _____9____ to develop her resources. Sound and stable political conditions, and ____10____ from foreign invasions, enable a country to develop its natural resources peacefully and steadily, and to produce more wealth than another country equally well favoured by nature but less well ordered2.
A countrys standard of living does not only depend upon the wealth that is produced and consumed ______11_____ its own borders, but also upon what is directly produced through international trade. _____12______, Britains wealth in foodstuffs and other agricultural products would be much less if she had to depend only on ____13____ grown at home. Trade makes it possible for her surplus manufactured goods to be traded abroad for the agricultural products that would _____14_____ be lacking. A countrys wealth is, therefore, much influenced by its manufacturing capacity, _____15____ that other countries can be found ready to accept its manufactures.
1. A. however B. furthermore C. similarly D. therefore
2. A. primary B. all C. foremost D. mainly
3. A. or B. but C. nor D. besides
4. A. these B. that C. what D. which
5. A. at B. to C. by D. with
6. A. came B. coming C. comes D. come
7. A. to B. like C. by D. as
8. A. because B. for C. of D. by
9. A. uneasy B. incapable C. impossible D. unable
10. A. prevention B. freedom C. liberation D. liberty
11. A. at B. by C. within D. on
12. A. In short B. For example C. As a result D. On the other hand
13. A. which B. what C. that D. those
14. A. otherwise B. certainly C. however D. therefore
15. A. depended B. supposed C. based D. provided
1.C [解析]call on号召，拜访;get on进展;take on穿上，承担。根据前文和空格句，任何国家的生活标准都是指人均享有的这个国家生产的商品和服务。因此一个国家的生活标准，首先依赖于它能生产财富的能力，空格与其后面介词on构成depencl on短语，符合语意和搭配习惯。因此C是答案。
2.A [解析]空格所在句子说财富在这里不是指金钱。in this sense是在这里的意义，因此A是答案。相关短语in some sense指在某种意义上;在某种程度上。
5.B [解析]空格所在句子说财富在很大程度上依赖一个国家的自然资源。to agreat extent在很大程度上。因此B为答案。
8.D [解析]借助空格所在的语意但遭受多年内部和外部的战争，判断空格处需要 一个能与suffer搭配的介词。suffer from构成固定搭配。因此答案为D。
9.A [解析]空格所在句子说以及这样或那样的原因不能开发它本身的资源。根 据上下文判断空格处的语意为原因，因此判断A为答案。
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